Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is a common condition that affects the gum tissues and bone that support the teeth. It results from a bacterial infection that, if left untreated, can cause tooth loss and other health issues. Knowing how periodontal disease progresses can help you spot it early and get the proper treatment.
The Four Stages of Gum Disease
Periodontal disease can be broken down into four main stages. The stages are as follows:
Gingivitis is the first phase and mildest form of periodontal disease. It occurs when the gums become inflamed from the buildup of plaque and tartar. Symptoms include red, swollen and bleeding gums and bad breath. Most cases of gingivitis can be fixed with professional cleaning and better oral hygiene habits, like brushing and flossing more often.
If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to early periodontitis. At this stage, the bacteria in the plaque and tartar begin to attack the bone and tissue that support the teeth. Symptoms include receding gums, increased sensitivity and possible gum recession. Early periodontitis can still be treated with scaling and root planing procedures.
Moderate periodontitis is characterized by further damage to the bone and tissue that support the teeth. As a result, teeth may become loose, and there may be pockets of infection that are difficult to clean. At this point, you may need more extensive scaling, root planing and gum surgery to fix the problem.
The most severe stage of periodontal disease is advanced periodontitis. It can lead to tooth loss and other health problems. At this stage, teeth may be very loose or even fall out. Therefore, dentures or implant placement may be part of a treatment plan after tooth extraction.
The Importance of Seeking Dental Treatment for Periodontal Disease
It is important to note that periodontal disease is a progressive condition that can worsen over time if left untreated. That is why it is essential to seek treatment as soon as you notice any symptoms, such as bleeding or swollen gums.
At Juban Cowen Dental Care, our team of experienced dental professionals offers a range of periodontal treatments to help prevent and treat periodontal disease. We use state-of-the-art technology and techniques to provide our patients with the best care.
If your gums are bleeding or swollen, which can be signs of periodontal disease, call Juban Cowen Dental Care to make an appointment. Our team can evaluate your condition and recommend a treatment plan to help you achieve optimal oral health. Periodontal disease does not need to impact your smile and overall health — schedule your consultation today.